The FuJian Earth building
Earth building is large, usually three to four stories, with a total height of up to 123 meters. The external wall is a solid rammed earth wall with a thickness of up to one or two meters, which is quite distinctive and attractive. Fujian Earth building is the most representative of the three main types: round building, square building and Wufeng building, in addition to concave type, semi-circular type, and the Eight Diagrams type. Among them, round and square buildings are the most common. There are also many forms of variation. It is famous for its long history, variety, magnificent scale, ingenious structure, complete function and rich connotation. It has high historical, artistic and scientific value. It is known as "the ancient castle of the East", "the wonderful flower of world architecture", "the unique and mythical Mountain Architecture Model in the world".
In the ordinary round earth building, there are thirty or forty families to live in, which can accommodate two or three hundred people. The large round building, with a diameter of 780 meters and a height of 56 floors, has four or five hundred houses and can accommodate seven or eight hundred people. Round buildings usually start from a center, spread out one layer by one according to different radius, like water waves in the lake, ring-like, very spectacular. Its most central place is the family ancestral temple, outward in turn is the ancestral hall, the corridor, the outermost ring of people. The size of the whole earth building room is the same, the area is about 10 square meters, using the common staircase.