Cantonese, which is a dialect of Chinese, is called Guangdong and Guangfu, which is the native language of the han nationality. Places where cantonese is spoken mainly include guangdong, guangxi, Hong Kong and Macao, as well as overseas places where Chinese people gather, such as Kuala Lumpur, ho chi minh city, New York and vancouver.
Cantonese originated from ancient northern Chinese. After a long period of language exchange, integration and adjustment, it became more and more mature in Tang Dynasty and developed into Song Dynasty, which is not far from modern Cantonese. It has a complete nine tones and six tones, and retains many features of ancient Chinese. Today, nearly 120 million people around the world use Cantonese.
The pronunciation system of Cantonese is complex, with 19 initials and 56 vowels. Cantonese not only retains a large number of ancient Chinese vocabulary and grammar, but also retains the pronunciation and intonation of ancient Chinese. However, Mandarin is now in vogue. Cantonese vocabulary is divided into Chinese, Cantonese and foreign words. Chinese words: the most commonly used, accounting for the majority of vocabulary; Cantonese words: Cantonese proprietary vocabulary; loanwords: refers to words composed of foreign languages, Cantonese absorbs more loanwords. With the same word, Cantonese has a wider meaning and a more lively part of speech than Putonghua. Monosyllabic words are often used in Cantonese, but most modern Chinese is disyllabic. In addition, many ancient words and expressions are retained in Cantonese writing.