Henan Opera, also known as Henan Bangzi, has a common name of "roaring by mountains", which originated in Henan and is one of the five major Chinese operas. Now the performance groups of Henan Opera have gone through many countries in the world, such as Australia, Italy, France, Canada, Venezuela, New Zealand, Germany, Britain, the United States and other countries.
Henan opera is based on the innovative development of henan bangzi. Henan is called henan opera for short "yu". Henan opera is famous for sonorous atmosphere, sound voice, clear pronunciation, mellow flavor, vivid and good at expressing characters' inner feelings, and is widely welcomed by people from all walks of life because of its high artistic quality.
Henan Opera belongs to Bangzi tune system in its voice, which is divided into adagio, 28th board, running board and flyboard. The articulation is clear, the line is smooth, the rhythm is distinct, and the lyrics are very colloquial, which is very popular with the audience. Its accompaniment instruments are divided into two-stringed, three-stringed and yueqin, followed by Banhu instead of two-stringed. The instruments in the martial field include bandrum, tanggu, gong, tambourine, bangzi, etc. There are four schools of Henan Opera: Xiangfu Diao, Eastern Henan Diao, Western Henan Diao and Shahe Diao. Among them, the Eastern Henan Tune and the Western Henan Tune are dominant. The Eastern Henan Dialogue is characterized by its fake voice, high-pitched and cheerful voice, and many jacquard tunes, so it is good at comedy-style repertoires. Western Henan Dialect is good at expressing tragic style because of its true voice, tragic, low and slow voice, and more crying voice.