Shennongjia

Shennongjia Forest

Shennongjia is located in the western part of Hubei Province and belongs to Shiyan City, Hubei Province. Its east longitude is 109 degrees 56'-110 degrees 58', north latitude is 31 degrees 15'-31 degrees 75'. Its total area is 3253 square kilometers. It is China's national forest protection area and wildlife protection area. Its forest area reaches 85%. In 2016, Shennongjia Natural Heritage in Hubei Province was included in the World Heritage List.

Shennongjia is located in the transition area from subtropical to temperate zone in China. It is called Shennongjia because the ancestor of China, Emperor Yandi Shennong, used the wooden frame as a ladder here to pick and taste hundreds of grass, cure diseases and save people, and teach people to grow and produce. There are six high mountains over 3000 meters above sea level, which are called "Central China Roof". Because of its special geographical environment, Shennongjia became a refuge and habitat for all kinds of animals and plants in the Quaternary glacial period. Shennongjia is known as "species gene bank", "natural zoo" and "green treasure house".

black bear
leopard

Shennongjia World Geopark is located in the southwest, northeast and low in general. The mountains are nearly East-West across the southwest of the park. Most of the peaks are over 1500 meters above sea level. Six peaks above 3000 meters above sea level in central China are exposed in the park. The highest point is Shennong Peak at 3106.2 meters above sea level, which is the first peak in central China. Shennongjia World Geopark is located in Shennongjia Forest Area. The park is rich in biodiversity. There are 3239 species of higher plants in the park. The forest vegetation is dense and the plant resources are abundant. The vegetation coverage rate is as high as 96%. Shennongjia World Geopark has 493 species of vertebrates, including 75 species of mammals, 308 species of birds, 40 species of reptiles, 23 species of amphibians and 47 species of fish. Shennongjia focuses on the protection of rare and endangered species of animals including Sichuan golden monkey, leopard, black bear, rhesus monkey and other animals; golden carving, stork, red-bellied pheasant, white-crowned pheasant, red-horned owl and other birds.