Mongolian yurt, known as "felted bag" or "felted tent", is a house with unique characteristics living in Mongolian herdsmen's houses (Inner Mongolia, Mongolia).
Mongolian yurts have a circular apex covered with one or two layers of thick felt on top and around. Ordinary Mongolian yurts, top 10-15 feet, wall height about 50 feet, The door of the yurt opens in the South or southeast. The four main structures in the yurt are: Hana (i.e. Mongolian enclosure wall bracket), skylight (Mongolian language "Taonao"), rafters and doors. Mongolian yurts are divided into four, six, eight, ten and twelve Hanas according to the size of hana. Although the shape of Mongolian yurts is small, the use area inside the yurts is very large, and indoor air circulation, good lighting conditions, warm winter and cool summer, not afraid of wind and rain, it is very suitable for the habitation and use of grazing people who often change farms.
Mongolian yurts are mainly composed of three parts: timber, felt and rope. Making bricks and tiles without mud and water, the raw materials are wood and fluff. Mongolian yurts are round, angular and streamlined. The top of yurt is arched, which bears the strongest load. The body of yurt is nearly cylindrical, forming a strong whole from top to bottom. Covering a strong yurt can withstand a gale of 10 degrees. Because the top of the yurt can not hold water in a round way, when it rains or snows, it forms a spherical enclosure by covering the top felt of the yurt. Secondly, the biggest characteristic of Mongolian yurt is easy to move, Mongolian herdsmen mainly nomadic, and the convenient disassembly and assembly of Mongolian yurt makes it better to meet herdsmen's living needs.