During the Chinese War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression from 1931 to 1945, the Republic of China lost in the defense of Nanjing. After the fall of the capital Nanjing on December 13, 1937 (partially considered to be December 5), the commander of the army dispatched in Central China, Iwane Matsui Under the command of the 6th Division head, Hisao tani, the Japanese invaders in Nanjing and nearby areas carried out six weeks of organized, planned, premeditated massacres and adultery, arson, robbery and other bloody atrocities. In the Nanjing Massacre, a large number of civilians and prisoners of war were killed by the Japanese army, numerous families were fragmented, and the number of victims of the Nanjing Massacre exceeded 300,000.
Nanjing Holocaust Memorial
In order to commemorate the tragedy that shocked the world, in 1985, the Nanjing people set up a memorial hall for the victims of the Nanjing Massacre by the Japanese invaders at Jiangdong Gate, one of the sites where the Japanese massacred the Chinese people. A large number of materials, documents, charts, photographs and objects were displayed in the exhibition hall, revealing the atrocities of killing, burning, prostitution and looting after the Japanese invaders occupied Nanjing. The Memorial Hall covers an area of more than 120,000 square meters, with a building area of 115,000 square meters, exhibition area of nearly 18,000 square meters and more than 200,000 cultural relics and historical materials. Overseas people from more than 90 countries and regions, such as the United States, Japan, Germany and Britain, have attracted nearly 10 million people.
Nanjing Holocaust Memorial Hall is divided into four functional areas: exhibition and assembly area, site mourning area, peace park area and collection exchange area.
- Exhibition and assembly area: This area is divided into historical exhibition hall and assembly square. The display of historical materials shows basic display and thematic display. There are thematic sculptures on the gathering square - cries, landmarks, walls of disaster and peace bells. Every year on December 13, people gather here to commemorate the victims, ring the Peace Bell and issue a peace declaration.
- "Crazy Snow" Poetry Stele Wall, Stone Wall and Deng Xiaoping Handwritten Museum Name, Cemetery Square, Embossed "Disaster", "Massacre", "Mourning", "Mother's Call" Carving, Exhibition of "Mass gravet" Site and Memorial Square, Meditation Hall, etc.
- Peace Park Area: Peace is the theme of this area, and it is an important place for people all over the world to communicate peacefully. Including the wall of victory, the Peace Park, the White marble sculpture Peace, the Arnebia grass Garden, Japanese friends planting trees and so on.
- Collection Exchange Zone: This area is a comprehensive functional area integrating collection, exchange and office. Its main facilities include academic lecture hall, library, special collection and so on.