Terracotta Warriors

Terracotta Warriors
Terracotta Warriors and Horses is the abbreviation of Terracotta Warriors and Horses of the First Emperor of Qin Dynasty. Located in the east of Qinshihuang Mausoleum, Lintong District, Xi'an City, Shaanxi Province. It is an army formation composed of Taoyong, chariots and horses burned in clay. Qinshihuang Mausoleum and Terracotta Warriors pit were approved by UNESCO to be included in the World Heritage List, and is known as "the eighth wonder of the world".
 

Origin

In ancient China, there was always a culture of human burial, that is, the owner died and the slaves were buried. This was the cruel and brutal system at the time. The first emperor who unified China, Qin Shihuang certainly has this kind of institutional impression. He hopes that after his death, there will be thousands of troops to protect him day and night. But the human body is prone to decay, and someone think of firing pottery figurines to form an army to reach emperor purposes.

Terracotta Warriors

The  craftsmen who make terracotta warriors are a group of potters at the lower level of the Qin Empire society  . Some of these potters come from the imperial palace pottery workshops, and some come from local pottery workshops. Printing or sculpting pottery names on Pottery figurine and Pottery Horse, originated from the "object belong one" system of the Qin State in the middle of the Warring States period, is a means for the government of the Qin government to manage the handicraft industry, guarantee product quality, control and supervise the production of artisans. . This method is applied to the production of the Qinling Terracotta Warriors and Horses. On the one hand, it strengthens the control and management of the craftsmen, on the other hand, it is also conducive to the improvement of the quality of the works. The original terracotta warriors and horses had bright and harmonious paintings. Some of the pottery figurines found in the excavation process still had vivid colors when they were unearthed. However, after being unearthed, they were oxidized by oxygen, and the color disappeared in less than ten seconds and turned into white ash.

 

Historical Meaning

pottery horse

The terracotta warriors and horses of the First Qin Emperor, not only have great value in the study of military history, but also have unique value in the study of art history and history of science. It reproduces the brilliant achievements of Chinese sculpture art 2,200 years ago and provides benefits for the world to understand ancient Chinese civilization. conditions of. The Terracotta Warriors and Horses of the First Qin Emperor were called "the most important archaeological finds of the 20th century." The difference between the art and the finest works of art in Egypt and Greece was that the world was shocked by the majestic momentum, huge scale, and unique artistic structure. It made us feel as if we were in the Qin Dynasty. We saw that the Qin Shihuang, who was a hero, was commanding the army and uniting the great cause of the six countries.