Xi 'an was called "fenghao" in the western Zhou dynasty. Fenghao is the name from fengjing and haojing built by king wen of zhou and king wu of zhou respectively. In the early years of the western Han dynasty, liu bang made guanzhong his capital. Taking the local meaning of chang 'an township, he named it "chang 'an", which means "enduring peace and stability". Xi 'an was also the starting point of the ancient silk road. It is now the capital city of shaanxi province, a sub-provincial city, and the core city of guanzhong plain city group.
The Thirteenth Dynasty's Ancient Capital - Xi`an
Since the opening of the Silk Road in the Western Han Dynasty, Chang'an has become the center of Oriental civilization. Historically known as "Rome in the west, Chang'an in the east". In Sui Dynasty, Emperor Yang Jian of Sui Dynasty was named "Great Hingdu" by Emperor Zhou Ming, so the new capital was named "Great Hingcheng", and in Chang'an and Sui Dynasty, it was also called "Great Hingcheng". In the Tang Dynasty, the name of Chang'an was restored. In the Yuan Dynasty, it was renamed Fengyuancheng city. In the second year of Hongwu in the Ming Dynasty (1369), the Ming government changed Fengyuan Road to Xi'an Prefecture, taking the meaning of "Stability of northwest". The name of Xi'an comes from this.
Since the founding of New China, Xi'an has become one of the seven major regional central cities in China. It has become the financial center, transportation center, National Science and technology resources co-ordinated test special zone, Asian knowledge and technology innovation center, and manufacturing base of Chinese large aircraft in the central, western and northern inland areas of China. Xi'an is one of the most concentrated cities in China's key universities, where 211 and 985 universities such as Xi'an Jiaotong University, Northwest University of Technology and Xi'an University of Electronic Science and Technology gather.