In the In the summary of Chinese medicine for thousands of years, there is a unique theoretical system in the treatment of disease differentiation, especially in the treatment of traditional Chinese medicine, medicine bath is one of the methods which is Internal disease external treatment.
The origin and development of traditional Chinese medicine bath
In traditional Chinese medicine, medicine bath is one of the external treatment methods, that is, a method of bathing the whole body or part with medicine liquid or containing medicine liquid. There are various forms: the whole body bath is called "medicine bath"; the local bath is also called "scalding-bath", "fumigating-bath", "sitting-bath", "foot-bath", etc., especially scalding-bath is most commonly used.
Traditional Chinese medicine bath is very popular in ancient times. In the 52 disease prescriptions unearthed in Mawangdui, Changsha, there are 8 kinds of fumigating bath methods, such as using Lei Wan(a kind of medicine ,Omphalia lapidescens Schroet) water bath to treat infant pain, leek and hot gas fumigation boiling with alcohol to treat trauma, which are the earliest written materials about medicine bath found in China. There are also records about medicine bath in the book of rites and Huangdi Neijing. It can be said that the history of medicine bath has a long history. It was founded in Qin Dynasty, developed in Han and Tang Dynasties, enriched in song and Ming Dynasties, and matured in Qing Dynasty.
In the Eastern Han Dynasty, Zhang Zhongjing introduced some medicated bathing therapy in the treatise on Febrile and miscellaneous diseases. It not only explained the mechanism of internal disease external treatment, but also explained the use of medicinal bath after conditioning and matters needing attention.
In Tsin Dynasty, Gehong's 'Elbow emergency' included more medicine bath contents, using different methods for different disease causes, such as wine washing, vinegar washing and Phellodendron washing. The most valuable is the use of medicine bath to create the first aid.
There are records about gargling after meals in ChaoYuanfang`s 'ZhuBingYuanHouLun'(transliteration) prescription of Sui Dynasty. As an introduction to oral health care, it is actually a method of gargling with liquid medicine to reach the treatment. After the Tang Dynasty, the use of medicine bath in the treatment of diseases is more abundant, in addition to common surgical skin diseases such as carbuncle, frostbite, erysipelas, but also used in gynecology, pediatrics and clinical emergency rescue. In the song and Ming Dynasties, with the emergence of various schools of medicine, medicine bath is more than a hundred schools of thought, the clinical application of medicine bath and the mechanism of action have a deeper understanding, greatly enriching the content of medicine bath treatment methods.
There are 163 fumigating and washing prescriptions in Taiping Shenghui prescription(transliteration). In addition to a large number of medical bath prescriptions, there are also 24 ophthalmic prescriptions, 11 sprain and fracture prescriptions and 24 Yin sore and eczema prescriptions. The detailed operation of fumigation therapy was recorded in the 'ZhenLaFengTuJi'(transliteration) by Zhou Daguan in Yuan Dynasty and the 'ShangKeBuYao'(transliteration) in Ming Dynasty. Li Shizhen's Compendium of Materia Medica collected many prescriptions of medicine bath before Ming Dynasty, introduced many kinds of medicine bath methods including pharynx, bath, medicine mill, scrub, hot bath and so on, the treatment scope expanded a lot.
In the Qing Dynasty, it was a peak period of the development of medicine bath. It was not only popular among the people, but also among some palace secret prescriptions in the Qing Dynasty, there were many bathing, shampoo, eye wash and other external washing prescriptions. Clinical application is basically combined with internal treatment, and widely used in the treatment of hundreds of diseases such as emergency, internal, external, women, children, bone injury, skin, facial features and other subjects. 'Yizong Jinjian'(transliteration) has washing prescriptions among all kinds of prescriptions.