The Origin of Pottery


Pottery was created for living in ancient times. Although there were various stone tools before the emergence of pottery, pottery was fired by human beings. It was the first time that substances changed through chemical changes, and the emergence of fire also marked the beginning of human civilization.

According to relevant records, the earliest discovery of pottery in China is located in southern China. The remains found are about 17,000-18,000 years ago. The remains belong to the most basic and rough prototype. However, the relevant evidence and records of pottery can be traced back to the Eastern Han Dynasty, possibly because of the social stability of the Eastern Han Dynasty, the rapid development of agriculture and handicraft industry, and the folk production of a large number of pottery; by the late Eastern Han Dynasty, the production technology of pottery was gradually mature, and pottery was gradually replaced by Porcelain.


After the Western Zhou Dynasty, pottery was not only made into living utensils, but also bricks and tiles, terracotta warriors and other objects. The custom of using terracotta warriors and pottery as burial objects prevailed, which accelerated the development of pottery. For example, the Terracotta Warriors and Horses of Qin Shihuang in Xi'an were typical representatives. Their shape and large lineup were rare wonders in the world.

Terracotta Warriors