The most important festival of Laba Festival is also the prelude to the Spring Festival. It was called "Laba Day" in ancient times, commonly known as "Laba Festival". Since the early Qin Dynasty, Laba Festival has been used to sacrifice ancestors and gods and pray for harvest and good luck. In addition to the activities of ancestor worship, people also need to expel disease and epidemic diseases.
The Laba Festival
Laba Festival, commonly known as "Laba", is the eighth day of the twelfth month of the lunar calendar every year. On this day, the ancients usually sacrifice their ancestors and gods to pray for a good harvest and good luck in the coming year. It is said that this day is also the day when Buddha Sakyamuni became a Buddhist, known as the "magic treasure Festival", which is one of the grand festivals of Buddhism. Therefore, many temples will also distribute Laba porridge for the people around Laba Festival, wishing the family happiness and a happy new year. Laba Festival is called "Laba day" in ancient times, commonly known as "Laba day". The last month of the twelfth lunar month is the end of the year. In ancient times, people who had nothing to do went hunting. The first is to get more food to make up for the lack of food. The second is to use the beasts to worship the ancestors, pray for longevity and avoid disasters. For more than a thousand years. It started in Song Dynasty. On this day, Laba porridge is made by the court, the government, the temple and the common people. In the Qing Dynasty, the custom of eating Laba porridge was even more popular. In the court, the emperor, empress, Prince, etc. all want to give Laba porridge to the Minister of culture and martial arts and the maid, and distribute rice, fruit, etc. to each temple for the monks to eat. Today, we celebrate the festival with our local customs, including eating Laba porridge, Laba garlic, Laba tofu and Laba noodles.
There is a custom of eating Laba porridge on this day, which is also called Qibao Wuwei porridge(transliteration). China has a history of eating Laba porridge for more than 1000 years. It started in Song Dynasty. On this day, Laba porridge is made by the court, the government, the temple and the common people. There are different materials for Laba porridge in different areas, but they basically include rice, millet, glutinous rice, sorghum, purple rice, job's tears and other grains, soybeans, red beans, mung beans, kidney beans, cowpeas and other beans, red dates, peanuts, lotus seeds, wolfberry, chestnuts, walnuts, almonds, osmanthus, raisins, white fruits and other dried fruits.
Laba noodles are the seasonal food of Laba Festival. Traditional pasta, popular in Guanzhong area of Shaanxi Province, generally does not drink porridge on Laba Festival. Every morning on the eighth day of the 12th lunar month, every family has to eat a bowl of Laba noodles. With noodles and various beans (mainly red beans), noodles need to be made into leek leaf noodles (noodles with the same width of leek leaves); red beans are soaked one night in advance, and Laba is used to cook soup that day. When the water is boiled, turn the small fire to the cooked red beans, and cook noodles over medium fire. At the same time, the cooked oil will stir fry the onion. After the noodles are cooked, pour the onion oil into the pot.
Laba garlic is to brew garlic on the eighth day of the 12th lunar month, which is a custom in the north, especially in North China. The ingredients are vinegar and garlic cloves. Pickled Laba garlic is a traditional snack mainly popular in the north, especially in North China, which is the food custom of Laba Festival.