Chinese chess, also known as "Xiangqi" , belongs to a kind of puzzle game loved by the public, a kind of game of confrontation between two people, and has a long history in China. Because of the simple and interesting equipment, it has become a very popular chess activity, which gives people great fun. There are several different opinions about the origin of chinese chess, which are still controversial. Some people say that chinese chess came from India, because China does not produce elephants, while India is rich in elephants(because chess in Chinese is Xiangqi, Xiang means elephant).
Chinese chess has a long history. In the Warring States period, the historical material "Shuoyuan shanshuo" had a formal record of chess. Chess came into being in southern China around the Zhou Dynasty (22nd century BC). In the earliest chess, the chess system consisted of three instruments, namely, chess, zhe(part of ancient chinese chess) and board. Each side had six pieces, which were carved out of ivory. In the spring and Autumn period and the Warring States period, chess developed into a game simulating war. After the Three Kingdoms period, the shape of chess changed constantly. There are many similarities between the form of chess in Tang Dynasty and early chess. After nearly a hundred years of practice, chess became a modern model at the end of the Northern Song Dynasty. In this mode, there are 32 pieces of chess, and there is a river boundary on the board, which placed in the middle of nine palaces area. By the time of the Southern Song Dynasty, chess had become a household name and became a very popular chess activity.
Chinese chess includes chessboard and flag. The chessboard uses square chessboard and red and black two-color round chessboard to play chess. There are ten horizontal lines and nine vertical lines on the chessboard, which are divided into 90 intersections. The boundary between the two sides is called "the border of two opposing powers,in chinese pinyin is Chu He Han Jie"; there are 32 pieces in Chinese chess. They are divided into two groups: black and red. Each group has a monarch, two imperial bodyguards, two prime ministers, two horses, two castles, two cannons and five soldiers. When the two players play against each other, they will arrange their pieces according to the prescribed positions. The red side will go first, and then take turns to play the pieces. When playing chess, we should follow the fixed rules. We need to consider defense and attack at every step. We need to compete fiercely in the chessboard between the square inches until we defeat the other side, so that the other side's "generals" have no way to go back, just like "catch the thief first catch the king" mentioned in the art of war of Sun Tzu.
Chinese chess, which has a history of thousands of years and is full of Oriental wisdom, is far more popular than go among Chinese people. It has always been the most popular chess item. No matter men and women, old and young, they can play chess on the board in their spare time and exercise their intelligence at the same time.