The sedan chair is one of the ancient transportation tools in China. It is tied with bamboo or poles on both sides of the bed or seat. At least two people are required to lift the bamboo when it is used, so as to achieve the purpose of transportation.
The sedan chair has a history of about 4,000 years in China. The sedan chair with simple structure has only one seat and two bamboo poles. With the development of time, the structure of sedan chair has become more and more complex. The roof of the sedan chair has been added with a rain and sun shade, and the curtain around it has been raised. The front curtain can be opened to facilitate people's entry and exit. The sedan chair is divided into official sedan chair and civilian sedan chair. Some sedan chairs can carry 3-4 people. The sedan chairs used by the people are divided into small sedan chair and bridal sedan chair. Small sedan chairs are used by ordinary women when they go out, while bridal sedan chairs are used for marriage and marriage.
In ancient times, the size, structure and style of a sedan chair were symbols of identity, status and wealth. Especially, the more people carrying a sedan chair, the more noble people riding a sedan chair. Under the restraint of the feudal system in ancient China, this hierarchical system has strict regulations.