Longevity lock, also known as "Buddhistic name lock". It is the custom of raising children for the Han nationality, popular in all regions of the country, with metal (mostly silver) ornaments, in the shape of an ancient lock (long shape), engraved with the words "longevity", "rich and wealth", etc. It is a kind of ornament hanging on children's necks popular in Ming and Qing Dynasties. According to the custom, as long as baby wear it, baby can get rid of disasters and evil spirits.
Longevity lock - Chang Ming Suo
The meaning of the longevity lock can lock the child, keep the evil spirit away from him or her, and pray for the healthy growth and long life of the child. People think that children wearing this lock can borrow the blessing of hundreds of families to prevent the bad and get the good, grow up safely, and the most popular ceremony held at the age of one hundred days or one year is the longevity lock. Longevity locks are usually 10-14cm long and 6-8cm wide. They are usually made of silver and also made of gold. In addition to the auspicious characters, the longevity lock also includes the auspicious animals such as unicorn, loong and tiger, so as to prevent the baby from being frightened and invaded by evil.
The custom of wearing the longevity lock dates back to the Han Dynasty. According to historical records. In the Han Dynasty. Every Loong Boat Festival on the fifth day of May. Every family hangs five colored silk ropes on the lintel to avoid misfortune. In the Wei, Jin, Southern-Northern Dynasties, women tied five colored silk ropes to their arms, gradually becoming a kind of arm ornament for women and children. Not only for the Loong Boat Festival, but also for the summer solstice. At that time, because of the frequent wars, and pestilence. With the continuous famine, the people are eager for peace, so they weave colorful silk into ropes and wrap them around the arms of women and children to pray for the elimination of evil spirits and disasters and the elimination of diseases for a long time. In the Song Dynasty, this custom continued to exist. It is not only popular among the Han people, but also introduced into the court. Besides women and children, men can also admire it. The Song Dynasty called this kind of multicolored silk rope knot "Pearl knot" and "Color line knot". It can be seen that its shape has been more complex. In addition to silk rope and color line, it also wore pearls and other things. At that time, there were many shops and market vendors in the streets of capital and other places, specializing in selling this kind of ornament for a living. By the Ming Dynasty, with the change of customs, there were few adult male and female users, which were usually used for children and became a kind of children's neck ornament. The pattern of multicolored silk rope develops further and becomes the longevity lock.